デジタル版『渋沢栄一伝記資料』

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公開日: 2016.11.11 / 最終更新日: 2018.12.20

3編 社会公共事業尽瘁並ニ実業界後援時代

1部 社会公共事業

3章 国際親善
2節 米国加州日本移民排斥問題
3款 日米関係委員会
■綱文

第33巻 p.614-617(DK330076k) ページ画像

大正10年5月26日(1921年)

是日、当委員会、東京銀行倶楽部ニ開カレ、栄一出席ス。


■資料

集会日時通知表 大正一〇年(DK330076k-0001)
第33巻 p.614 ページ画像

集会日時通知表 大正一〇年 (渋沢子爵家所蔵)
五月廿六日 木 午後四時 日米関係委員会(銀行倶楽部)


(阪谷芳郎) 日米関係委員会日記 大正一〇年(DK330076k-0002)
第33巻 p.614 ページ画像

(阪谷芳郎) 日米関係委員会日記 大正一〇年
                     (阪谷子爵家所蔵)
○十、五、二六 銀行クラブ日米関係委員会 山田三良氏日本土地所有ヲ外人ニ許ス件、二重国籍ノ件、学童教育ノ件、条約ト州ノ権限トノ関係ノ件ニ付調査ノ報告アリ、晩餐後目賀田男・原口大佐・小松緑・神崎驥一氏演説アリ



〔参考〕(シドニー・エル・ギユーリック) 書翰控 渋沢栄一宛一九二〇年一〇月七日(DK330076k-0003)
第33巻 p.614-615 ページ画像

(シドニー・エル・ギユーリック) 書翰控 渋沢栄一宛一九二〇年一〇月七日
             (シドニー・エル・ギユーリック氏所蔵)
                (COPY)
                      October 7, 1920
Viscount E. Shibusawa,
  Tokyo, Japan.
My dear Viscount Shibusawa :
  .............
 - 第33巻 p.615 -ページ画像 
  As you konw, I am urging the adoption of a general immigration law that will bring the immigration of Japanese, Chinese and Hindus under the same principles of control that we apply to Europeans. This does not mean that there will be opportunity for immigration. It will mean that whatever immigration is allowed or not allowed will be determined by the same principles.
  In Japan an important modification is imperative with regard to the question of dual citizenship of American-Japanese children. According to the present Japanese law, Japanese boys born and reared in America, unless their parents formally renounce for their children their Japanese citizenship and that act is confirmed by the home department, are subject to Japanese military laws. In other words, Japanese boys whom we look upon as under obligations of loyalty to the American Government because of having been born here, are also regarded by the Japanese as under obligations to the Japanese Government. Until this conflict in American and Japanese laws with regard to citizenship is settled by a change in the laws, there will be persistent efforts in America to deprive all American-born Japanese children of American citizenship. This can be done only by changing our Constitution and the effort to do this will stimulate persistent misrepresentation of Japan and cultivation of anti-Japanese support in every State of the Union. But I must not write further upon this matter at present.......
  Praying for the continuance of your good health, I am
            Very cordially yours,
SLG-NF



〔参考〕(シドニー・エル・ギユーリック) 書翰控 渋沢栄一宛一九二一年一月二一日(DK330076k-0004)
第33巻 p.615-616 ページ画像

(シドニー・エル・ギユーリック) 書翰控 渋沢栄一宛一九二一年一月二一日
             (シドニー・エル・ギユーリック氏所蔵)
               (COPY)
                      January 21, 1921
Baron E. Shibusawa,
  Tokyo, Japan.
My dear Baron Shibusawa :
  I have written a letter to Mr. Hanihara, Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs, dealing with a matter in which I know you are deeply interested, and I am therefore enclosing a copy.
  Under separate cover I am mailing you a volume just from the press, "The Annals", of the American Academy of Social and Political Science, containing a very comprehensive dis-
 - 第33巻 p.616 -ページ画像 
cussion from many writers on the Japanese question.
  Since writing the letter to Mr. Hanihara this volume of "The Annals" has come to hand and I find that the question of dual citizenship of American-born Japanese citizens is discussed quite vigorously by Marshall DeMotte on pages 18-22.
  I have just received a note from President Harada telling of his short visit to Japan and reporting your own good health.
I am glad to know that you have so fully recovered.
  Thank you for the beautiful volume entitled "What Japanese Stood for in the World War" which has recently come to hand. I shall read it with much interest.
             Very cordially yours,
   ○右ハシドニー・エル・ギューリックヨリノ来書ナリ。



〔参考〕渋沢栄一書翰 シドニー・エル・ギューリック宛一九二一年五月一七日(DK330076k-0005)
第33巻 p.616-617 ページ画像

渋沢栄一書翰 シドニー・エル・ギューリック宛一九二一年五月一七日
             (シドニー・エル・ギューリック氏所蔵)
                (COPY)
             Viscount Shibusawa
            2 Kabutocho Nihonbashi
                Tokyo
                         May 17, 1921
Dr. Sidney L. Gulick, D. D.
  105 East 22nd Street, New York, N. Y.
Dear Dr. Gulick :
  With delight I read your two letters, dated January the 10th and 21st, and also a copy of your letter sent to Mr, Hanihara, the Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs, concerning the double relations of the American-born Japanese. I got the drift of the article written by Marshall De Mott in the "Annals". I intend to read it through translation later. I referred the matter you suggested in the Hanihara letter to my intimate friends who are deeply interested in the Japanese-American question, but we are all in accord in believing that this "double relations" question is a very difficult one to solve, as it is a conflict between the Land-principle and the Person-Principle. However, I am investigating the question through the Japanese American Relations Committee. I shall be glad to show you the result of the study when it comes out.
  The "Message to Churches" given out by the quadrennial meeting of the Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America held in Boston regarding the League of Nations and the California Immigration question etc. is indeed a classical document, strongly appealing to the mind of one who loves
 - 第33巻 p.617 -ページ画像 
justice and equity.
  It appears from your letter that you are contemplating to come to our country again. If so, it will be a great asset to us, because the gentleman like yourself who has had a long experience in dealing with international problems will greatly aid to form opinions and plans with reference to the friendship between the two countries. We shall, all of us, welcome you to our shores.
  I was delighted to hear that you received a copy of Roosevelt's "What the Japanese Stood for in the World War". He was indeed a pride of America -- nay, -- a pride of humanity worthy of a high admiration.
  May your incessant activity for the promotion of peace in the world be abundantly blessed !
            Very truly yours,
                  E. Shibusawa
   ○一九二一年一月十日附ノシドニー・エル・ギューリック書翰(控)見当ラズ。



〔参考〕集会日時通知表 大正一〇年(DK330076k-0006)
第33巻 p.617 ページ画像

集会日時通知表 大正一〇年 (渋沢子爵家所蔵)
五月七日 土 午前十一時 神崎驥一氏来約(兜町)



〔参考〕(阪谷芳郎) 日米関係委員会日記 大正一〇年(DK330076k-0007)
第33巻 p.617 ページ画像

(阪谷芳郎) 日米関係委員会日記 大正一〇年
                     (阪谷子爵家所蔵)
  十、五、七 兜町邸ニテ神崎驥一ノ話ヲ聞ク 此日加藤海相○友三郎八八○八八艦隊ヲ主持セス云々
(欄外記事)
 神崎曰ク、アメリカン、レシオン(在郷軍人)ノ排日ハ近頃人気ヲ失フ云々